ODTÜ PROFICIENCY SINAVI HAZIRLIK 8 İÇİN
Odtü Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık, Örnek
1 – Odtü Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık ( Odtü Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık için Bireysel – Özel Ders)
2 – Odtü Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık ( Odtü Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık için 4 kişilik Gruplarla Ders )
Before the Nobel Prize in literature was awarded to John Steinbeck in 1962, only five Americans had been previously thus honoured, the most recent being Ernest Hemingway in 1954 and William Faulkner in
5 1949. Steinbeck had been considered on those occasions and also in 1945. As the honour is by far the greatest any writer can receive, Steinbeck was elated. The feeling of elation was tempered slightly, however, by the observation expressed by Steinbeck in 1956, that recipients of the Nobel Prize seldom write anything of value afterwards. He cited Hemingway and Faulkner as examples, minimizing the point that by the time of their selection most writers had already written their best work. At the age of sixty,
10 when he received the award himself, Steinbeck wrote to a friend that he would not have accepted the award had he not believed that he would continue to write well, that he "could beat the rap." Like his contemporaries, and others as well, however, he did not.
There was no expectation or need that the writer do so, for Steinbeck had long since made his remark in modern American literature.
123. According to the passage, Steinbeck observed that authors who receive the Nobel Prize for literature
a) had already finished writing popular works
b) should follow the examples of Hemingway and Faulkner
c) rarely write significant works afterwards
d) are among the greatest contemporary writers
124. Steinbeck was sixty years old in _________.
125. According to the passage, Steinbeck wrote his best work _________.
a) before receiving the Nobel Prize
b) in an expressive style
c) while he was feeling elated
d) guided by his contemporaries
126. Before 1949, how many Americans had received the Nobel prize for literature?
127. In the second paragraph, the phrase 'do so' refers to _________.
a) feel elated at receiving the Nobel Prize
b) accept the Nobel Prize if nominated
c) write well after receiving the Nobel Prize
d) honour Nobel Prize winners of the past
128. The author's attitude toward John Steinbeck is that he _________.
a) was an exceptionally different author
b) should have received the Nobel Prize earlier
c) wrote equally well throughout his life
d) earned his reputation well before 1962
The Indians of the Andes call it Camanchaca, the wetting fog. When the cold air rising from the icy
Humboldt current collides with the warm air over the sunbaked Chilean coast, it forms a thick, white ribbon of mist that hugs the high ridge above Chungungo, 600 kilometers north of Santiago. But the Camanchaca clouds never burst into rain - by afternoon, the sun burns them away and the landscape
5 remains arid as any desert. The lack of rainfall made agriculture almost impossible, and even basic needs like drinking water and sanitation became luxuries. A shower was a rare luxury, and vegetables came from the market 80 kilometers away.
But fortunes have changed for Chungungo's 320 residents. It was no sudden climatic shift – the village still receives only about 40 centimeters of rain a year – but rather the adaptation of traditional
10 technologies to harvest the Camanchaca. High on the ridge overlooking the town, near the abandoned El Tofo iron mine, several dozen pairs of wooden posts have been planted in the ground. Strung between them are giant nets made of fine polypropylene. Like great spider webs, these nets capture the fog, trapping pearls of water in the fine mesh. The droplets slowly trickle down the mesh into a plastic trough, and gravity does the rest. The troughs drain into rubber tubing, which transports the water
15 through a series of small tanks and filters and finally to a 25,000-gallon storage tank 2,000 feet below, where it is treated with chlorine to kill germs. On a good day, the 'fog harvest' supplies 2,500 gallons of fresh water - all the water Chungungo can drink plus some for bathing and gardening. Flower and vegetable gardens have appeared in patches that were once only dust and gravel. Now, the residents wash clothes every day, grow their vegetables and take a bath any time they want.
20 Reaping the fog is hardly new. For centuries, the Quechua placed bowls below tree trunks to harvest fog water, and there is evidence that the practice dates back thousands of years. In the 1960s, Chilean scientists began to research ways to use the fog to help restore forests that had been levelled to stoke the wood-burning furnaces of iron mines like El Tofo. "But we never imagined supplying drinking water," said Waldo Canto Veras, director of the Chilean Forestry Agency, Conaf. With a $150,000
25 grant and technical help from Canada, Conaf succeeded in reaping the fog. The water is not only clean but half as expensive as hauling water over the mountain by truck, the only way to supply the village since an electrical train line that served the iron mine shut down when the mine closed in the 1960s.
'This project has shown them that there are cheap, practical, environmentally friendly ways to bring water to poor communities.
30 That message is resonating worldwide. Some 47 coastal locations in 30 countries have conditions similar to Chungungo's. Officials in Asia, Africa and other regions of Latin America have visited the town, which can supply a population of about 1,000, and begun research into their own coastal fog systems. In Chungungo, the ready supply of water has brought not only new uses like gardening and icemaking but also newcomers, increasing the strain on the new system. But that seems a small price to a
35 people whose hopes, like their lands, dried up long ago.
a) wetting fog
b) warm air
c) cold air
d) Humboldt current
130. In the past, the village of Chungungo suffered from _________.
a) a dense fog which made life difficult
b) lack of water for drinking and sanitation
c) the remoteness of the region from Santiago
d) not eating any vegetables
131. The technology to harvest water from fog is applied in Chungungo because _________.
a) the yearly rainfall has dropped to only 40 cm lately
b) water from the fog is contaminated
c) the system which is used is very cheap
d) the fog itself does not precipitate as rain
132. It can be inferred from the text that the most important component of the fog harvesting system is the _________.
a) wooden posts
b) plastic trough
c) polypropylene nets
d) rubber tubing
133. Obtaining water from fog _________.
a) is both economical and efficient with the new system
b) had been used in the past in iron mines
c) is a new practice for the Chileans
d) cannot yield drinking water for poor communities
134. Conaf's project was initiated in order to _________.
a) supply drinking water c) restore the Chilean forests
b) clean the water supply
c) restore the Chilean forests
d) reap the fog
135. According to the text, which statement is NOT TRUE about the fog harvesting system?
a) It has set an example for other countries.
b) It can supply water for a very big town.
c) It has made new uses of water possible.
d) It has attracted the attention of authorities from areas with similar conditions.
THE END OF THE EXAM