Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )

COMPARISON CLAUSES ( KIYASLAMA CÜMLELERİ ) HAKKINDA BİLGİ

Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri ) ve Uygulamalar

1 -  Proficiency Sınavı ( Proficiency Sınavı için Bireysel - Özel Ders )
2 -  Proficiency Sınavı ( Proficiency Sınavı için 4 kişilik Gruplarla Ders )

Proficiency sınavına iştirak etmek isteyen adayların çalışmak zorunda olduğu konulardan biri olan " comparison clauses” konusu üzerinde yazılmış olan bu makale proficiency sınavına hazırlık çalışmalarında sizlere yardımcı  olacaktır. Proficiency sınavına bireysel derslerle yada 4 kişilik gruplarla garantili öğrenci hazırlanır.

 

Exercise 1. Fill in the blanks in the passagewith the right wordfrom the box to make different type clauses you have learnt so far.

but/because/due to/despite/how/that/who/which/with the result that
………………………………………………………………………

Of all natural disasters,the eartquake is probably the one……………..is most feared byhumanity.We like to think………..the ground underneath us is solidand reliable……..people….live in eartquakezones will be quick to tell you…………very  unsatablethe earth can be. The frightening thing about eartquakes is that,……..the advances made by meteorological science in forecastingother natural disaster like hurricanes and typhoons,the earthquakedefeats scientists with its completely unpredictable nature.Earthquakes strike unexpectedly ….there is often heavy loss of life.Casualties usually ocur……….buildings have collapsed as a result of the violent movement of the earth’s crust……..takes place during a quake. Strict enforcement ofmodern building regulationsnow helps to reduce  the number of the deaths……the earthquake remains  complately beyond the control of people…………..even their graetest efforts are often wasted.
Turkey has always been threatened by earthquakeas . It is recorded……….in 17 AD  twelve cities  dis appeared overnight in a series of earthquakes.In 557 AD İstanbul,……….was then called Constantinople,was partly destroyed.. The fallen columns………..litter the groundall over Turkey are usually………….movement of the earth’s crust…………..the earthquakeas………devastaded the ancient Grek and Romanteples provided the successors to those civilisations with aready supply of building materials.

Exercise 2. Answer these questions from the passage.

1. Is Erol taller or shorter than Erdal ?

2. Who weighs more ?

3. Who has bigger feet ?

4. Who cooks the best chocolate cake ?

5. Who gets better marks at school ?

6. Which twin is cleverer ?

 

Comparison Clauses  ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )

                   Rules of comparatives and superlatives

1. a)                 long                  longer                 longest

    b)   -y          sunny               sunnier                sunniest

          -le         simple               simpler                simplest

          -ow        yellow               yellower               yellowest

          -er         clever               cleverer               cleverest

          -ure       mature              maturer               maturest

                       fat                     fatter                   fattest

2. a)                useful                more useful          most useful

                       expensive          more expensive     most expensive

                       interesting         more interesting    most interesting

                       amusing            more amusing        most amusing

                       boring               more boring           most boring

                       educated           more educated       most educated

                       balanced            more balanced       most balanced

As seen, one-syllable adjectives (1.a) and two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, -le, -ow, -er, ure (1.b) can be proceeded by -er or -est.

Two-syllable adjectives not ending in -y, -le, -er, or -ure and ones with more than two syllabes are proceeded by more or the most (2.a). Present participle used as adjectives (2.b), and past participle used as adjectives take more or te most (2.c).


Comparison Clauses

 NOTE :

1. If the adjective ends in -e, -r or -st is added such as pure , purer, the purest.

2. Adjectives ending in -y, change to -ier -iest (1.b)

3. One - syllable adjectives ending in vowel + consonant, for example red, slim, sad, etc. double the last consonant : red / redder / reddest , slim / slimmer slimmest, sad / sadder saddest etc.

           Irregular comparative forms

             good         better       best

             bad           worse       worst

             far            further      furthest

The following adjectives having two syllables can be formed in two ways : adding -er, est or using more, most :

common                commoner              commenest

                            more common         most common

clever                    cleverer                  cleverest

                            more clever             most clever

The other adjectives which can be formed in both ways as above :

        cruel     gentle     quiet      funny     polite    stupid     friendly

Exercise 2 b .. Write the comparative and superlative forms of the adjective below.

1 sunny   2 polite    3 much     4 many    5 interesting     6 good      7 bad      8 rude     9 bitter     10 big       11 far        12 shallow      13 little      14 worrying

15 hard-working     16 uneducated

Study the use of the comparatives in bold in the dialogue.

Arzu and Betül are discussing their new teacher.

Arzu      Do you like our new English teacher ?

Betül     Yes, she's more interesting than Mrs Brown but she's not us funny as her.

Arzu      That's true, she's more intelligent but she's not as kind.

Betül      She's much stricter and more serious than Mrs Brown but we work as hard as before. Mrs Brown was nicer, though.

Arzu       Mr Brown's lessons were easier too and the class was bigger.

Betül      Yes, but you're lazier than me. I'm a much better student!

Exercise 3.. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the adjectives or adverbs in brackets in the dialogue.

               Teacher and student

Teacher       Your work is not ........... 1............... (good) it used to be.

Student       I know, I'm ............ 2 .................. (busy) at home now than I was before.

Teacher       Do you study ................ 3 .................. (little) now than before ?

Student       Yes, I'm much ................ 4 ................. (lazy) at school than I was.

Teacher       You're ................. 5 .................... (intelligent) and ............... 6 ................... (able) than the others.

Student       Thank you, but it's not .................. 7 .................. (easy) .................. it used to be.

Teacher       I will be ............. 8 ................... (happy) if you give your report in ............. 9 ................ (early) than you did last week.

Sudent         I know, the ................ 10 ................ (soon) the ................. 11 ................... (good).

 

 

 Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )

Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )Exercise 4 . Compare the following, replacing the adjective in bold with the seven adjectives below.

A plane is bigger than a helicopter.

1. expensive    A plane is more expensive than a helicopter.

2. fast

3. important

4. useful

5. heavy

6. complicated

7. noisy

Exercise 5 . Answer these questions from the passage.

1. Where does Mollie go to school ?

2. What kind of school does she go to ?

3. What does she miss most when she's at school ?

4. Are Mollie's parents rich ?

5. Why does Mollie sometimes feel under a lot of pressure at school ?

6. What's Mollie's best subject ?

7. What's one of the reasons that she likes this subject ?

8. What does Mollie think is the nicest thing about her school ?

9. Are the classes big in Mollie's school ?

10. Does Mollie like her school ?

          Comparisons decribing equality

Comparative clauses formed with as ............... as describe an equal comparision :

A kg of tomatoes costs 50.000 TL. One kg of cucumbers cost 50.000 TL.

Tomatoes are as expensive as cucumbers.

Tomatoes and cucumbers cost the same.

Tomatoes are the same price as cucumbers.

         Negative form of the comparasion

A kg of eggplants cost 90.000 TL. A kg of beans cost 60.000 TL.

Beans are not as expensive as eggplants.

Eggplants are not the same price as beans.

Beans are not so expensive as eggplants.

I am not as young as I used to be.

I am not as slim as I used to be.

 


Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )

 NOTE : The final verb in comparasion clauses can be omitted, except used to be: I am older than you (are) or I am older than you.

                Comparasions describing inequality

Comparative clauses which begin with than describe an unequal comparison.

A sandwich costs 25.000 TL. A coke costs 15.000 TL.

A sandwich costs more than a coke.

A coke costs less than a sandwich.

Exercise 6 . Fill in the blanks with not as ............. / not so ...................... as or than to make a comparison clause.

1. The sun is larger than the moon.

2. Buses are ................ expensive .................... taxis.

3. Dried beans and lentils are .................... nourishing ..................... meat.

4. Erol can cook Menemen ................. well ..................... Erdal.

5. İstanbul is ....................... cold ........................ London in the winter.

6. Telephoning abroad is ..................... expensive .................... buying an airline ticket.

7. Donkeys aren't ................... stupid ........................ people think they are.

8. Gold is more valuable ..................... silver.

9. A taxi is more comfortable ....................... a bus.

10. A computer isn't .................... clever .................... a human being.

11. Her face was ...................... white ................... a ghost.

12. Sakıp Sabancı said he could do more work in a day ............... his wife could do in three.

 


Comparison Clauses  ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )

Comparison Clauses ( Kıyaslama Cümleleri )Exercise 7 . Rewrite these sentences, using as ................... as or not so / as ................... as.

1. He is younger than I (am)

    He isn't as old as I (am).

2. An old person is less active than a young one.

    An old person isn't as active as young one.

3. Your composition is worse than Susan's.

4. A helicopter is smaller than a plane.

5. A chair is less comfortable than an armchair.

6. Neşe is slimmer than Fatma.

7. A second - hand car is cheaper than a new one.

8. An elephant is bigger than a cow.

9. The Sakarya river is shorter than the Kızılırmak.

10. A car with four doors is more convenient than a two-door car.

11. Hasan has got fewer books than Özgür.

12. A Murat car isn't more expensive than a Mercedes car.

13. Other Islamıc countries are less developed than Turkey.

14. We are slower in learning English than you.

Exercise 8 . Rewrite these sentences, using less instead of not so / as ........ as.

1. Living in a big city isn't as comfortable, in some cases, as living in a village.

    Living in a big city is less comfortable, in some cases, than living in a village.

2. A Murat car isn't as expensive as a Doğan car.

3. For me, learning Arabic as a second language is not as important as learning English.

4. Washing up isn't as interesting as cooking.

5. Walking is not as energetic as dancing.

6. In my opinion, solving family problems is not as easy as overcoming economic problems.

7. There isn't as much air pollution in villages as in cities.

8. Travelling by car is not as safe travelling by train.

9. Making a journey by car is not as economic as travelling by bus.

10. Begging is not as honourable as working for money.




 

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